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中国旅游业、旅游学和旅游规划的30年述评(一)

作者:神马 整理:本网站论文网 录入时间:2011-12-13 23:54:08
中国旅游业、旅游学和旅游规划的30年述评
董观志,张银铃
(暨南大学深圳旅游学院,深圳518053)
AREⅥEW oF TOURISM INDUSTRY.ToURISM DISC玎?LINE AND ToURISM PLANNING
oVER THE PAST 30 1忱ARS IN CHINA
DONG Guan—zhi,ZHANG Yin—ling
($he.nzhen Tourism Colleage o[Jm加University,She+,,'2zhen 518053,Cl豇'na)
Abstract:It has been 30 years since the implement ofthe reform and opening up policy in China.Winl the im-
provement of living standard,people care more about the quality of their life,therefore,the past 30 years is a
crucial period for the development oftourism industry,tourism discipline and tourism planning in China.This
paper analyzes the history of tourism development in China from 3 aspects including tourism transformation
and upgrading,independent innovation of tourism theories as well as evolution of tourism planning.In other
words,the development of tourism in China is a transformation from the fast-food-style to consumptive
leisure tourism which is a process of establishment and professionalization of tourism discipline as well as all
exploration of standardization and marketization of tourism planning.Tourism grows more mature and sys-
tematic gradually.Some big events play important roles in the development of domestic tourism industry,
tourism discipline and tourism planning.Casting light on these events and deeply analyzing them,the authors
find that their functions in the process ofChina's reform and opening up ofthese 30 years are ofpractical sig-
nificance for the implementation of the strategy of reinvigorating China through tourism development.This
paper divides the past 30 years into 3 stages with 1 0 years for every stage,after summarizing the track of
tourism development.The authors find that the exploration of tourism discipline and the process of linking
theory wi戗l practice in tourism research field have experienced 3 times ofevolvement.Furthermore.the all-
thors review the tourism events and status under certain historical backgrounds in order to analyze tourism de—
velopment process in China and try to find the law of tourism evolution.In 2008,the financial crisis chal-
lenges the economic development pattern of China,which triggers doubts of the nation’S plan of tourism.
However,it is a good chance to reflect the development,and rethink the innovation of tourism industry.The
authors also suggest that the government should cultivate inter—disciplinary talents for tourism industry,and
train professionals、析tll innovation ability in order to supply the tourism industry of China with science spirit,
human resource and development strategies.
Key words:The strategy of reinvigorating China through tourism development;process of development;re—
flection;China
提要:改革开放30年是中国旅游业、旅游学和旅
游规划发展的关键时期。无论是旅游业的转型升级,
还是旅游学理论的自主创新,或者是旅游规划的演进
更替,都取得了十分可喜的成绩。这其中,一些关键
事件对我国旅游业、旅游学和旅游规划的发展起到了
至关重要的作用。认识和分析这些重要事

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