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话语主观性在时态范畴中的认知分析(一)

作者:浮云 整理:本网站论文网 录入时间:2011-12-13 23:15:32

话语主观性在时态范畴中的认知分析

Abstract:The subjectivity of the language means the position , attitude and emotion of the speaker while saying a passage. The subjectivity characteristic of the language is relevant with the non-describing of language meaning directly.The important component of the describing meaning of the language is a expressing meaning, i.e. the speaker, in order to express one kind of meaning of one''s own faith , attitude and emotion, this kind of meaning can be expressed by language. Category, the intelligence course depending on subjective and objective to divide kinds with external thing , is one kind of subjective briefly and classification based on reality toward objective things, and it is one kind of  rational activity that is given to the world with a certain structure too. Category is the starting point of the concept and the meaning of a word form, category is the key contents of cognitive linguistics.
In order to further investigate English tense category, we can draw support from the number axis method in mathematics, we get one special number axis to analyze different tense time characteristic that reflect vivid different time point or time slot visualization. we call this analyze tool as time axle. Use the time axle, we can roughly describe the basic structure of the tense category of English.
Generally speaking, the semantic analysis of the subjectivity of words under the tense category includes three aspects such as, the speaker''s visual angle , speaker emotion, the speaker''s understanding. In order to probe into words subjectivity in tense category semanteme under the frame clearly even more, we can with English two tense, now tense,, past tense cross axles, regard the speaker''s visual angle , the speaker''s emotion , the speaker''s understanding , three respects , as the axis of ordinates and carry on cognition analysis.
According to the prototype theory, the basic intension of the tense means the censuring (deictic ) now, its reference point is this moment that a speaker speaks, enjoy the member''s status of centre in the category of the present tense; It shows the usages of going over or movement or state in the futures become the edge members in the category of present tense. The prototype theory has strength of annotating to the category course of the tense of English.
The movements or states expressed in past tense of English, must exist on space land and time land among the concept , i.e. the movement of object produced the distance, and this kind from production last continuity. So, movements or state must just reflect distances and positions getting to the space land in time continuity and order of the land. From the point of view of me, the movement from to authenticity and then to psychological distance distance ,then from time of past tense, this kind shift phenomenon explain movement and conversion to narrate the view point, having reflected the metaphor cognitive process

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